Tag Archives: c#

String as a Reference Type and Immutable

In .Net, string object is reference type, however when we pass the value like this

void Main()
    string s = "Test";

    Console.WriteLine("TestString: " + s); // Output is: TestString: Test

public static void TestString(string s)
    s = "TestString";

Why is the output “TestString: Test”, we know for sure string is a reference type and we assign new value to our parameter in TestString() method.

Turn out, beside being a reference type, string is also an immutable, which mean its value can’t be modified or changed. So when we assign new value to our parameter in TestString() method, it actually create new string object. It acts like value type but it isn’t a value type, it’s a reference type with immutable behavior.

Leave a comment

Posted by on May 15, 2018 in General


Tags: , , , ,

Float, Double, Decimal Types and DivideByZeroException

Most of us know the difference between Float, Double and Decimal types in .Net is the precision.

  • Float 32 bit (7 digits)
  • Double 64 bit (15-16 digits)
  • Decimal 128 bit (28-29 digits)

But most of us scratch our head over this:

var numerator = 10;
var denominator = 0;
var resultNoException1 = (float)numerator / (float)denominator; // Result Infinity, does not throw exception
var resultNoException2 = (double)numerator / (double)denominator; // Result Infinity, does not throw exception
var resultException = (decimal)numerator / (decimal)denominator; // Throw DivideByZeroException

Suffice to say throw/catch block won’t caught any exception on resultNoException1 and resultNoException2.


Because Float and Double types are binary floating point types (or sometimes being referred to as floating point types) while Decimal is decimal floating point types.

From MSDN:

Dividing a floating-point value by zero doesn’t throw an exception; it results in positive infinity, negative infinity, or not a number (NaN), according to the rules of IEEE 754 arithmetic.


Leave a comment

Posted by on May 2, 2018 in General


Tags: , , , , , , ,

Left-Shift Operator Is Limited?

Why is left-shift operator with 32 result in lower number?

int i = 1;
(i << 0).Dump(); // Result is 1
(i << 1).Dump(); // Result is 2
(i << 2).Dump(); // Result is 3
(i << 3).Dump(); // Result is 8
(i << 10).Dump(); // Result is 1024
(i << 20).Dump(); // Result is 1048576
(i << 30).Dump(); // Result is 1073741824
(i << 31).Dump(); // Result is -2147483648
(i << 32).Dump(); // Result is 1 -> WHY?
Leave a comment

Posted by on March 6, 2018 in General


Tags: , ,

C# Bit Shorthand

1 << 0; // Result is 1
1 << 1; // Result is 2
1 << 2; // Result is 4
1 << 3; // Result is 8

The way this works is, the binary value of first operand (the left) is shifted by number of bits of the second operand. Something like this:

1 is 00001 in binary which is 1 << 0
2 is 00010 in binary which is 1 << 1
3 is 00100 in binary which is 1 << 2
So on, so forth.

Another way to look at it is "adding X zero in the first operand's binary, where X is second operand.".

The kicker is that, second operand is only the first 5 bits (low-order five bits), means 00000 to 11111 (which is 31)

Reference: MSDN << Operator

Leave a comment

Posted by on October 28, 2017 in General



Indexer-Supported Collection in C#

Indexer is a faster way to search a list / collection in C#, no looping is necessary.

Classes that support indexer:

  • Array []
  • List<T>
  • Dictionary<Key, Value>
  • ILookup<Key, Value>

Classes that don’t support indexer:

  • IEnumerable<T>
  • HashSet<T>
  • ICollection<T>

For classes that don’t support indexer, there’s ElementAt LINQ extension method.

Leave a comment

Posted by on September 28, 2017 in General


Tags: , ,

Why Must Extension Methods Be Declared in a Static Class?

Some possible answers:

  • The purpose of Extension Methods is to make LINQ work and LINQ only needs extension methods to be in a static, non-generic, non-nested class.
  • Easier for compiler to work with. Compiler and VS’s Intellisense can easily locate the methods.
  • Grouping the helper methods together.


Leave a comment

Posted by on September 20, 2017 in General


Tags: ,

JavaScript Bundle Doesn’t Work on ASP.Net MVC 5

Developers often make this very common mistake. You start an ASP.Net MVC app, add few JavaScript files and libraries, run. Everything works fine but the JavaScript.

ASP.Net MVC Bundling

public static void RegisterBundles(BundleCollection bundles)
    bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/jquery").Include(

    bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/startstop").Include(

ASP.Net MVC bundle has default ignore list and one of ignore list is ‘*.min.js’ files. Yes, any minified JavaScript file.

You can add the following code RegisterBundles to clear the ignore list before adding anything to the bundle.


Once you clear the list, you are also able to build your own ignore list.

Leave a comment

Posted by on June 12, 2015 in General


Tags: , ,

%d bloggers like this: